What is Filigree?
Filigree decoration is something which has been around since 3000 BC. Filigree is very popular throughout the world but is particularly seen in Indian and Asian metalwork. Originally made with an underlying metal base to which the filigree designs were applied, eventually the craftsmanship evolved to the point that the base was no longer needed, creating a light and airy appearance that has made filigree working such a beloved detail in both silver and jewellery.
Filigree is a type of decoration made of metal work, usually from gold or silver. Small beads and twists of threaded metal are woven together or used separately to create intricate motifs and patterns. Common patterns are: swirls, twists, leaves, and flowers, and different regions across the globe prefer different designs. The design can be built up using metal and then soldered together to make a piece, or placed on the surface of an object to add decoration. When completed, it often looks takes a lace-like form.
Filigree boxes can come in all shapes and sizes, from very small to very large and usually made out of gold or silver. Some are lined and some have glass, enamel, or gemstone tops; mostly dependent on the intended use of the box.
Jewellery boxes, pill boxes, and vinaigrette cases, for example, are frequently made in this highly stylised form. These boxes invite themselves to more ornamentation than most boxes, since they are often either small or, in many ways, decorative. Larger boxes, designed to have more practical purposes, such as tea caddies and condiment pots are less likely to have such intricate ornamentation for fear that they may get damaged.
The History of Filigree…
Filigree is the shortened version of the word ‘filigreen’ which comes from the Latin word ‘filum’ meaning thread and ‘granum’ meaning small bead. Filigree is also known as ‘telkari’ meaning wirework which is taken from the Anatolian word. This was developed in the 15th Century in the city of Midyat to which craftsmen still specialise in today. From Archaeological finds jewellery has been found dating back to 3000BC with this type of decoration. But during the period of 6th to 3rd centuries BC filigree is said to have reached its highest level of precision.
In medieval times filigree work was used to embellish crosses and covers of bibles which usually had precious stones set into the metal. As already mentioned India has a filigree history along with Central Asia; this is said to have migrated east from the Greeks and so they both have similar styles that can be seen in jewelry today. Filigree also became very popular in the 1660s in French jewelry. The Irish are also known for this type of metalwork. However, it is slightly different as the wire appears and disappears without continuity to which they are famous for.
Filigree pieces from a variety of ancient cultures have been discovered and exist today in the Louvre and the British Museum. The Museum of the Hermitage also holds a large collection of Ukraine jewellery found in tombs in the Crimean Peninsula. In the past, the skill required to create filigree designs was relatively common, with examples being found from around the world. Today, however, filigree is considered a specialised skill that few possess.
Our Filigree Box.
We are very lucky to have a rare and stunning silver filigree counter box in our inventory. As is visible from the images, the box has fine and impressive spiraling scroll filigree decoration arranged into geometric floral designs. It has a cylindrical form with the base encompassed with an applied band embellished with woven texture. This silver filigree box is fitted with a push fit cover encircled with a rope twist decorated border. The upper surface of the cover is embellished with a band reflecting the design to the sides, in addition to a central triangular claw set enamel panel depicting a ‘King of Clubs’ playing card design on a green background. The enamel is in exceptional condition with high colour quality.
There are no hallmarks as to be expected with such a piece; the date and origin can be determined by the composition and decoration. These type of boxes can be very hard to find in such excellent condition. All the decoration is very crisp and sharp. This box would have been used to store gaming counters while playing cards. These type of boxes are generally found in the mid to latter part of the 18th century depicts when gambling was a common pastime. This very beautiful circa 1820s silver Filigree Counter Box is certainly an excellent example of its kind. This exceptional box would make a fine addition to any collector or collection.
As already noted the Filigree box can come in all shapes and sizes, with precious stones in set or enamel placed in it. Some have a particular use; for example a jewelry box, trinket box or they can be just for decoration. But as we have ascertained filigree is more about the intricate design that these boxes are made up of rather than their use. Not only does the art of filigree have such a long history which has lasted through to the current day, it is also truly a thing of beauty and an amazing skill. We hope you love filigree as much as we do, until next time!
Louise Snowdon – Website Content Contributor / Sales Professional
Louise joined AC Silver with a passion for the world of antiquities and jewellery. Louise also assists the marketing team by representing the business on many social media outlets.